Battle of Hue and withdraw from Hue cammand of Nguyen Van Thieu 1975
In March 1975, the Liberation Army attacked Hue in the First Tactical Zone, the battle of Hue did not take place, and the South Vietnamese troops withdrew from Hue by President Nguyen Van Thieu on 25 March 1975
In March 1975, President Gerald Ford appointed General Fred Weyand to evaluate the situation in South Vietnam, he reported:
“The military situation in South Vietnam is in danger, and the existence of South Vietnam is very fragile. The Republic of Vietnam is on the verge of a complete military defeat. However, the ARVN plans to continue fighting with the means at hand and, if there is time to regain strength, can recreate the ability to fight depending on emergency aid on weapons and ammunition. of the US. I assure you that we have a responsibility to offer this support to them. “
On March 22, 1975, the Liberation Army attacked Hue South with the intention of isolating and cutting reinforcements between Hue and the southern provinces. At this time, the layout of the Republic of Vietnam as follows:
- 1st Division and 15th Battalions of the Rangers are based in Thua Thien
- 3rd Division and 14th Battalion Group based in Da Nang, Quang Nam
- 2nd Division and two armored divisions of the 11th and 12th Regiments of Quang Tin, Quang Ngai
- The Airbone Division and the Marine Corps are tasked with providing mobility
- The support units consisted of over 10 artillery battalions, one anti-aircraft battalion, a design brigade
- The Navy consisted of convoys of volunteers, missile forces, reconnaissance missions in Thuan An, Cua Viet missions in Thuan An and Tu Hien.
- 1st Air Force Division based in Da Nang
The total number of troops of I Corps is about 90,000 and 75,000 local troops, militia
General Fred Weyand commented on the March 13 meeting:
“During the next twelve days following this meeting (from 13 to 25), there was great uncertainty from I Corps and Saigon about what parts of I Corps should be retained, or should not hold Hue. “
The withdrawal of the Airborne Division led to the low morale of the South Vietnamese soldiers and the people feared for being the most benevolent Division of the South. The idea of Hue will be abandoned causing the masses to massively evacuate
On March 19, Thieu again called General Truong at the second meeting. General Truong presented the plan with two solutions:
The first plan: if the National Highway 1 (QL1) is still in use, troops will withdraw from Hue to Da Nang and from Chu Lai to Da Nang;
Second plan: If QL1 is cut off, forces will withdraw to three bases: Chu Lai, Hue, and Da Nang, but Hue and Chu Lai are just two places where they can concentrate. by sea. Da Nang will be a defensive post by four infantry divisions and four RF divisions, taking advantage of the fortifications already in the city, or the surrounding terrain, such as the hills of the hills. to resist ..
General Truong concluded: “The section of Hue-Da Nang, Chu Lai-Da Nang has been pegged, the refugee wave is coming from all the way to this single run to Da Nang. We have only one choice, and we must do it before it is too late. ‘
As Chief Minister flew to Da Nang, the next day, General Truong said that there was no possibility of keeping Hue and Da Nang at the same time because Gen. Lam Quang Thi – Deputy Commander of the 1st Corps reported that the North Vietnamese troops had started firecrackers into the command
In the United States, Democrats in the House of Representatives voted in favor of supplementary aid to the South (March 12) with 189-49 votes; Then the Senate followed with a 34-6 vote.
At this point, the situation of South Vietnamese soldiers fell rapidly, the applications for food aid, food, weapons, medicine, …. repeatedly sent while the government of South Vietnam was exhausted
On March 19-3, Quang Tri was abandoned, the South Vietnamese troops withdrew to the south of the My Chanh River, and the following days, the Liberation Army attacked in three directions, from Quang Tri to Quang Ngai, and from the base. Camp Caroll, Rock Pile in the west to. The situation of the Military Region I increasingly serious, the battle was fierce and continuous was blocked causing the division of an infantry disintegration, the road from Quang Ngai to Chu Lai was cut off the population to scour the situation. become uncontrollable disorder. Highway 1 is blocked. March 24, Liberation Army owns Tam Ky. ARVN forces clustered in three main lines: Nam Chu Lai, Da Nang and Northern Hue
On March 25, 1975, a meeting at the Presidential Palace was presided over by President Nguyen Van Thieu at 9:30 am. There are also Deputy Prime Minister Tran Van Huong and Prime Minister Cao Van Vien, Lieutenant General Dang Van Quang, Lieutenant General Dong Van Khuyen, Foreign Minister Vuong Van Bac, Minister of Planning Nguyen Tien Hung.
The constant bad news of the battlefield made all silent and studied the map together. After General Khuyen presented the situation of I Tactical Zone and II Tactical Zone, President Thieu picked up the phone and called General Truong to ask if Hue could be kept. Then he repeats the answer from the other end:
Lieutenant General: “If you have an order, we will keep it.”
President Thieu: “How long will it stay?”
Lieutenant General: “in one or two days”
President Thieu: “If you can not keep, then decide right away, and if you decide (leave Hue), you must make it quickly.”
After Hue was abandoned, the South Vietnamese army continued to withdraw to Da Nang and Chu Lai under Tu Hien estuary and Thuan An estuary, the Liberation Army fierce artillery, the situation became chaotic and on 29, Giai Phong has captured Da Nang