US response after battle of Hoang Sa 1974

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The US State Department has released a number of confidential documents, which help to better understand the attitude of the United States after the battle of Hoang Sa – Paracel War 1974 between the Republic of Vietnam Navy and Republic of China

This announcement, including documents, reports and minutes of meetings, correspondence, telegrams. about diplomatic activities, dialogues by US State Department members with the US government and with other countries including South Vietnam and North Vietnam.

US Department of State historians have completed 25 documents on the Kennedy administration, 34 on the Johnson administration, while the intention is to make 54 papers on the presidency of the United States Richard Nixon. and President Ford (1969-1976) are still unfinished 

At the meeting of 25 January 1974 were held one week after the Paracel Islands war (17th – 19th January) in the East Vietnam Sea. The meeting was chaired by Secretary of State Henry Kissinger. Admiral Thomas H. Moorer, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, William Colby, Director of CIA Intelligence, Mr. Clements, Deputy Secretary of Defense, Mr. William Smyser, National Security Advisor.

Admiral Thomas H. Moorer:

“We have been keeping away from the ongoing problem in this area.”

Secretary of State Kissinger asked:

“We have never backed their claims (South Vietnam).”

Admiral Moorer replied :

“The whole area is a problem, and the Spratlys and other islands have the same problem – that’s the disputed territory, we’ve ordered the military to include the Air Force as well as the Navy. avoid that area. “

Mr. Kissinger asked : “Who started the battle of Hoang Sa ?”

Admiral Thomas H. Moorer:

“According to reports, a South Vietnamese patrol squadron of four in the Paracel archipelago discovered 11 Chinese ships heading for the islands and bringing in about 75 people landing on Duncan Island (Quang Hoa Island) is one of the southern islands of the Nguyet Thiem Island Group. The ARVN Navy has been confronted by two Chinese companies and the fighting has occurred, South Vietnam has to withdraw to the nearby islands “

Kissinger continued: “What was the reaction of the North Vietnamese to the whole incident?”

William Colby: “They ignore it, say it’s under the 17th, and so it does not affect them, and they do not take sides, generally.”

William Smyser: “It puts them in a delicate situation, they do not say anything until the end, and then just say they condemn the use of force.”

Secretary of State Kissinger: “I know what they say, but how do they really feel?”

Admiral Moorer: “I think they are worried about the war just happened.”

Mr. Colby: “North Vietnam may want to have oil fields there.”

Mr. Clements: “Do not be too dreamy about the possibility of having oilfields in those remote islands, there’s nothing here, just deserted islands and oil fields are still in the future. “

Admiral Moorer: “The French seized the islands in the 1930s until the Japanese occupation of World War 2. In 1955, after the withdrawal of Indochina, the French surrendered their sovereignty over the islands. Vietnam, China and even the Philippines claim sovereignty and vie for the islands, but the Philippines is weaker, its claims are just words and no concrete action “

Admiral Moorer turned to Henry Kissinger: “I made a directive, the military would stay away from the whole area and absolutely not interfere.”

Again, in a previous meeting, on January 23, 1974, with Han Hsu, the acting head of the People’s Republic of China delegation in Washington, Secretary of State Kissinger said: “The United States does not have In support of South Vietnam’s claims to these Hoang Sa islands. “

“Our transparency in this matter is very important to our allies, especially the Philippines and to all of Southeast Asia,” said Jim Webb.

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