The longest day at Quang Tri 1972
Since North Vietnam mobilized 45,000 troops to attack the defensive lines of the units of the Vietnam War (VNCH) in the west and northwest of Quang Tri until April 29, 1972, the battlefield of Quang Tri has experienced 30 active days.
Under heavy pressure from the Communist forces, after the fall of Camp Carroll and some of the North West bases had to be withdrawn, the South Vietnamese units at the demarcation line had to narrow the line. manually. After 10 days of war, the Republic of Vietnam war forces regained their control when the two Marine battalions defeated the North Vietnamese ground assault at Phoenix for three days. 9, 10 and 11 April 1972. Failure in the attack, the Liberation Army has launched more pressure troops base this. In order to secure the force, the defenders had withdrawn to reinforce the line guard at Ai Tu. Between April and April 28, 1972, the line of defense of the South Vietnamese forces was limited to Dong Ha. On the evening of April 28, 1972, the Liberation Brigade and the army swept over the Quang Tri Bridge but were pushed back.
On April 29, 1972, the defensive posture of the South Vietnamese forces in Quang Tri Province became seriously threatened and the Liberation Army changed the direction of attack to a new attempt. With regard to the 3rd Infantry Division (BB) and reinforcements, the unit commanders were extremely concerned because the supply and ammunition supply was in short supply. Some cannons were destroyed after all ammunition was fired.
With the efforts to stop the NVA, the NVA 3rd Infantry Division commanded the force to relieve enemy pressure on Route 1. However, the clearance was delayed due to a lack of coordination between the two. units and counterattacks. In the last days of April 1972, the defenses at the Quang Tri line were supplied by helicopters with many dangerous risks on the way, especially along the National Highway 1.
The longest day at Thach Han river
On the morning of April 30, 1972, Brigadier General Vu Van Giai, 3rd Battalion Commanding General, summoned the attached commanding officers and added them to the Command. Operation of the Division in the Citadel of Quang Tri (Dinh Cong Trang camp). At the meeting, General Giai presented the withdrawal plan to the south of the Thach Han River.
Under the command of General Giai, the 147th Marine Brigade from the Ai Tu base will withdraw to Quang Tri town to establish a guard encampment for the provincial capital, a new defensive line will be set up along the coast. On the south bank of the Thach Han River by the Infantry and Ranger forces, with the support of half the armament and armament, the remaining Armor Division will coordinate with the unit. Battle to clear Highway 1 south. All units will complete the transfer plan the next day. The 147th Marine Brigade alone will leave the base of Ai Tu at noon on April 30, 1972.
On the battle of the Marine Corps, when the brigade’s units reached the northern bank of the Thach Han River on the afternoon of April 30, 1972, both bridges crossed the Thach Han River. The bridge was collapsed by the Communists on the night of 28 April 1972, and the Iron Bridge, due to a lack of coordination, the Army had placed the bomb explosion before the far brigade of the 2nd Marine Artillery Battalion and three battalions 1, 4 and 8 Marines pass. The convoys and cannons were destroyed in place, while the battalions of the Marine Corps crossed the Thach Han River, occupying important positions around the town.
By April 30, 1972, the 3rd Infantry Division had only two BBB Regiments and one battalion of 57 BB Regiment. The commanding officer of the 57th Regiment was unable to contact the two battalions. He had only a squadron to defend the Regimental Command. The 56th Regiment, after the disintegration at Tan Lam, was reassembled and concentrated at Nancy (near My Chanh, south of Quang Tri). This battalion was in the process of refurbishing, so it was not operational.
As noted by an officer of the 3rd BB Division, after the fall of the 56th Regiment BB, the fighting spirit of the unit soldiers of the 2nd and 57th regiments was highly agitated. As for Brigadier General Vu Van Giai, he still trusted the 2nd Battalion, one of the most senior regiments of the South Vietnamese Army, a regiment he himself had commanded when he was still in charge. major. And also from this regiment, he had advances in the military: In just two years, as Commander of the 2nd Regiment BB, he has twice promoted (lieutenant colonel in mid 1967, 18 The following month, in early January 1969, he was promoted to colonel. General Giai had more than three years of command of the 2nd Regiment before being assigned 1st Division Commander in September 1969, he was promoted to prime minister on the battlefield in Lower Laos in March 1971, and became the first commanding officer of 3rd Division BB in October 1971.